Spelthorne Local Plan Preferred Options: policies

Housing

 

 Policy H1: Homes for all

Housing Need

  1. The Council will make provision for at least an additional 6038 homes per annum in Spelthorne Borough for the period 2020 to 2035.

Housing Mix and Standards

  1. Where studio developments come forward that are smaller than the space standards but offer purpose built, innovative and unique accommodation to address a specific need of the community, the Council will consider such proposals on their merits.
  2. Development proposals will be expected to contribute to meeting identified housing needs by providing a housing mix as set out in the Strategic Housing Market Assessment or any similar evidence for market and affordable units.
  3. New residential development is required to deliver a wide choice of homes to meet a range of accommodation needs. New development should provide a mix of housing tenures, types and sizes appropriate to the size, characteristics and location.
  4. All new residential development across all tenures (under use class C3) will be expected to meet with the minimum space standards as set out by the Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government (MHCLG). Houses of Multiple Occupation (HMOs) will be expected to comply with HMO space standards defined by the Council.
  5. The Council will permit housing provided that it does not result in a net loss of units (C2 use class or C3 use class accommodation or traveller accommodation).

Accessible Homes

  1. All new build dwellings will, as a minimum, be constructed in accordance with the requirements of Building Regulations Part M4 (2) and any subsequent updates, unless it can be demonstrated that it is unfeasible to do so.
  2. Unless it can be demonstrated that it is unfeasible to do so, in major residential schemes, at least 10% of dwellings will be constructed in accordance with the requirements of Building Regulations Part M4 (3) and any subsequent updates.

Specialist Accommodation

  1. The provision of well-designed specialist forms of accommodation, including sheltered housing, care homes and other appropriate forms of accommodation for the elderly and those with particular needs, will be permitted provided that the development:
  1. Meets demonstrable established local community need;
  2. Is in a sustainable location, with access to appropriate services and facilities where these are not provided on site. This includes public transport, shops, local services, community facilities and social networks.
  1. Where specialist accommodation falls within use class C3, an appropriate proportion of affordable housing in accordance with Policy H2 will be required, with the mix of tenures negotiated by the Council having regard to advice from appropriate specialist bodies.
  2. For developments of 100 or more units, specialist accommodation should be provided unless it can be demonstrated as unfeasible to do so.

Self and Custom Build Housing

  1. In accordance with the NPPF the Council will make provision for Self-Build and Custom build housebuilding if the proposed development does not adversely affect the local character. Development proposals for more than 100 dwellings should provide at least 5% of the total homes as serviced plots for sale to custom builders whilst there is an identified need. Higher density residential sites for development of flats are unsuitable for self-build and custom housebuilding plots; they are therefore exempt from the requirement to provide plots.
  2. The delivery of housing on these plots will:
  1. In terms of the mix of plots, be negotiated by the Council as informed by the Council's self-build and custom housebuilding register;
  2. Be required to be completed within 3 years of a custom builder purchasing the plot;
  3. Where plots have been made available and marketed appropriately for at least 12 months and have not sold, the plot(s) will be expected to remain on the open market as self-build or custom build or be offered to the Council or a Housing Association before being built out by the developer.
  1. Development proposals for individual self-build or custom build housebuilding below this threshold will be assessed on their individual merits in light of the prevailing policies of this Plan and any other material considerations.

[Thresholds subject to viability work]

 

[8] As calculated using the standard method for assessing housing need.  The Council will review the local housing need figure as and when appropriate, guided by the Government’s approach to assessing housing need.  

 

Sustainability Appraisal Indicators

*It should be noted that this scoring relates solely to meeting housing need. A more detailed Sustainability Appraisal for the topic of housing is present in the Sustainability Appraisal document.

Definitions

  • Specialist Housing: Housing that has been specifically designed to meet the needs of people with particular requirements. It can refer to housing that has been purpose designed or designated for a particular client group to assist tenants to live independently.
  • Self-Build and Custom Housebuilding: The building or completion by a) individuals, b) associations of individuals, or c) persons working with or for individuals, of houses to be occupied as homes by those individuals; but does not include the building of a house on a plot acquired from a person who builds the house wholly or mainly to plans or specifications decided or offered by that person.
  • M4(2) Housing: Accessible and adaptable dwellings as set out in Building Regulations. Where a new dwelling makes reasonable provision for most people to access the dwelling and incorporates features that make it potentially suitable for a wide range of occupants, including older people, those with reduced mobility and some wheelchair users.
  • M4(3) Housing: Wheelchair user adaptable dwellings as set out in Building Regulations. Where a new dwelling makes reasonable provision, either at completion or at a point following completion, for a wheelchair user to live in the dwelling and use any associated private outdoor space, parking and communal facilities that may be provided for the use of the occupants.

Reasoned Justification

The Council wants to deliver a wide variety of high quality homes that provide all tenures, types and sizes of housing to meet the needs of the community. The Council will seek to enable housing delivery which meets the needs of different groups including families, older people, younger people, people with disabilities, people requiring more specialist accommodation, the Gypsy and Traveller community and Travelling Showpeople community. The Plan will also seek to make provision for self-build/custom build projects and starter homes.

Housing Need

In September 2017 the Government published a consultation document 'Planning for the right homes in the right places'. This put forward a standard approach to assessing local housing need, in the interests of simplicity, speed and transparency. It is based on a formula that uses affordability ratios and average household growth over a 10 year period, with the current year being the first year from household projections. Planning Practice Guidance confirms that local authorities should use the 2014-based household projections to set the baseline. In the long term the Government proposes to review the formula with a view to establishing a new method.

Using the standardised methodology, Spelthorne has a need of 603 new dwellings per annum. The Government makes clear that local planning authorities should be able to rely on the evidence used to justify their local housing need for a period of two years from the date they submit their Plan.

Housing Mix and Size Requirements

The need for different types, sizes and tenures of homes required has been assessed through the Strategic Housing Market Assessment (SHMA) 2015 and SHMA update 2019. This includes accommodation needs of families, older people, people with disabilities, service families, people wishing to build their own homes and students. The Gypsy and Traveller Accommodation Assessment has assessed the need for traveller accommodation. The Council will have regard to the findings of the latest SHMA when determining the right balance of homes in new development and would encourage applicants to discuss housing mix with the Council's Planning and Housing Officers.

The SHMA 2015 and SHMA update 2019 indicate that:

  • There is a need for 35-40% one bedroom, 25-30% two bedroom, 25-30% three bedroom and 5-10% four bedroom affordable rented ownership housing
  • There is a need for 15-25% one bedroom, 40-45% two bedroom, 25-35% three bedroom and 5-10% four bedroom affordable home ownership housing
  • There is a need for 0-5% one bedroom, 20-25% two bedroom, 50-55% three bedroom and 20-25% four bedroom market housing
  • There is an ageing population in Spelthorne with the number of residents aged over 65 projected to increase by 41.4% up to 2035
  • With an ageing population the number of people with disabilities is expected to increase substantially in the future
  • Need for 37 registered care bed spaces per annum
  • Need for 93 specialist accommodation for older people per annum
  • There are approximately 12,781 households with dependent children
  • There are approximately 4,433 households with non-dependent children

A flexible housing stock will help meet the wide range of accommodation needs so the Council will expect all new homes to be flexible, accessible, adaptable and age friendly. New homes should support the changing needs of individuals and families at different stages of life. National Planning Policy requires local planning authorities to plan for a mix of housing, taking account of local demographic trends, market trends and the needs of different groups of the community. Local planning authorities should identify the size, type, tenure and range of housing that is required in their area.

The minimum size for a bedroom is defined by the Housing Act 1985.

The Licensing and Management of Houses in Multiple Occupation and Other Houses (Miscellaneous Provisions) (England) Regulations 2006 require kitchens, bathrooms and WCs to be of adequate size. If there are no communal living areas, bedrooms need to be larger.

Accessible Homes

The NPPF requires local planning authorities to have a clear understanding of housing needs in their area, including those for people with specific housing needs. Part M4(3) relates to wheelchair accessible dwellings; Part M4(3)(2)(a) relates to dwellings which can be adapted for wheelchair users in the future and M4(3)(2)(b) relates to dwellings which are built to be accessible to wheelchair users.

Specialist Accommodation

Some of the community require accommodation that caters for their specific needs. This is often for more vulnerable members of our society, such as the frail, elderly or those needing specialist social support, who would benefit from on-site support. To create inclusive communities, this type of accommodation should be located in accessible areas with links to public transport and local facilities. The Council will work with specialist providers and bodies, such as Surrey County Council, to identify and secure provision of suitable sites for specialist housing.

The Council is aware of companies and organisations specialising in the provision of innovative, well designed residential units which would not be compliant with the space standards. Whilst such units are smaller than ideally would be required, it is acknowledged that such products are designed to offer high quality living spaces to meet specific needs and demands.

Self and Custom Build Housing

There is a legal responsibility to keep a register of individuals or interested associations that are seeking a plot of land to construct a self-build or custom build house as a sole or main residence. Paragraph 61 of the NPPF requires local planning authorities to plan for the needs of different groups, including people who wish to commission or build their own homes. The requirement to provide self-build and custom housebuilding plots on sites of an appropriate threshold will help to meet identified needs, where they exist.

Higher density residential sites for development of flats are unsuitable for self-build and custom housebuilding plots; they are therefore exempt from the requirement to provide plots.

Monitoring Indicators

Indicator

Target

Data source

Permissions granted for different size and types of housing compared to the identified mix in the SHMA.

To deliver the identified mix of housing sizes, types and numbers as set out in the latest Strategic Housing Market Assessment.

Planning applications and appeals.

Permissions granted for new or extended older persons' specialist housing or general specialist housing.

To meet the need identified in the latest Strategic Housing Market Assessment.

Planning applications and appeals.

Number of planning permissions for self-build or custom build housing.

To meet the need as set out in the Self-build and Custom housebuilding register.

Planning applications and appeals.

 

Key Evidence

  • Strategic Housing Market Assessment (2015) and SHMA update (2019)
  • Gypsy and Traveller Accommodation Assessment (2018)
  • Strategic Land Availability Assessment (2018 & 2019)
  • Spelthorne Self and Custom Build Register

Sustainability Appraisal Alternative Options

Alternative Option 1: To have a policy which aims to meet housing requirements defined using the standard methodology to calculating housing need.

Support approach. There are not considered to be any exceptional circumstances to use an alternative method to calculate housing need in Spelthorne.

Alternative Option 2: Do not meet the set target - reduce the housing target for the Local Plan to take account of environmental constraints.

Reject alternative. This option would fail to provide a sufficient quantity of homes and would risk not meeting the specific needs of the community.

Alternative Option 3: Make an upward adjustment to meet over and above Spelthorne's need, as well as the need of neighbouring authorities by considering any land not subject to an absolute constraint. Discount policy constraints.

Reject alternative. This option is expected to have significantly negative impacts on the environment and may result in unsustainable development.

*It should be noted that this scoring relates solely to meeting housing need. A more detailed Sustainability Appraisal for the topic of housing is present in the Sustainability Appraisal document.

Core Strategy and Policies (2009) policies to be replaced

    • Policy HO1: Providing for New Housing Development
    • Policy HO4: Housing Size and Type
    • Policy HO5: Density of Housing Development
    • Policy HO6: Sites for Gypsies and Travellers
    • Policy HO7: Sites for Travelling Showpeople

 

Policy H2: Affordable Housing

  1. The Council will require at least 40% affordable housing units on all schemes of 10 units or more.
  2. Planning permission will be granted provided that satisfactory arrangements have been made to secure affordable housing as determined by the following principles:
  1. The sizes, types and tenure of homes provided will be determined on the basis of local need as identified in the Strategic Housing Market Assessment or subsequent affordable housing needs evidence.
  2. Where viability evidence submitted by applicants demonstrates that the full amount of affordable housing cannot be delivered the Council will employ a sequential approach to provision:
  1. Where on-site provision is not viable, affordable housing contributions will need to be provided off-site9. This is expected to enable the same amount of additional affordable housing as would have been delivered on-site.
  2. Where viability evidence demonstrates that the full amount of affordable housing cannot be delivered the Council will negotiate a level of on-site affordable housing that can be delivered taking into account the mix of unit size, type and tenure, in addition to a financial contribution. If this cannot be accommodated on-site then the Council will seek a suitable level of off-site provision in addition to a payment in lieu.
  3. The Council will only accept a financial contribution in lieu of affordable housing provision where it can be satisfactorily demonstrated that on-site or off-site provision is neither feasible nor viable.

The Council will have regard to the whole development site in determining the appropriate level of affordable housing provision on-site. This includes where an applicant has sub-divided, fragmented or phased a site or it is not being developed to its full potential so as to fall under the affordable housing threshold. The affordable housing requirement will need to reflect that which would be provided if the whole site were to come forward as a single scheme.

  1. The tenure and number of bedrooms of the affordable homes provided on each qualifying site must contribute towards meeting the mix of affordable housing needs identified in the Strategic Housing Market Assessment or subsequent affordable housing needs evidence. This currently includes a tenure split of 75% affordable/social rent, with the remainder being other forms of affordable housing. A minimum of 10% of the homes provided on each site must be available for affordable home ownership, except where an exemption applies in the NPPF.
  2. Planning obligations will be used to ensure that the affordable housing will remain as such in perpetuity, where practicable, and only to those with a demonstrable housing need.
  3. Where provided within a market housing scheme, affordable housing will be well integrated with and appropriately designed to complement the market housing. Equal access to facilities and amenities will be required for all groups of the community.
  4. The requirement to provide affordable housing will apply to all residential development falling under Use Class C3 with the exception of Gypsy & Traveller Pitches or Travelling Showman Plots.

[Thresholds subject to viability work]

[9] Site suitability will be dependent upon compliance with policies in the Local Plan.

Sustainability Appraisal Indicators

 Definitions

The definition of affordable housing which is applied in this Policy will be the definition as set out in the NPPF. To be affordable, the cost of housing must be low enough for eligible households to afford based on local incomes and house prices.

Reasoned justification

Spelthorne is a well-located borough, situated immediately to the south of Heathrow Airport and adjacent to west London. The Borough offers a good quality of life with strong transport links to London. Whilst this has many positive impacts, the desirability of the location does mean that affordability is negatively affected.

The NPPF states that local authorities should assess the size, type and tenure of housing needed for different groups in the community, including those who require affordable housing, and should reflect this in policy. The importance of housing delivery is a central objective of the Local Plan since housing costs in the Borough and neighbouring areas, for purchase and for rent, are generally very high. The provision of affordable housing is necessary to ensure that housing is available to local people in priority housing need who are unable to afford adequate housing on the open market.

There is significant pressure on the affordability of housing in the Borough with median house prices being 11.1 times median workplace-based annual earnings10.  The SHMA update 2019 indicates that there is a need for 459 affordable homes in the Borough per annum over the plan period. While the affordable housing need identified in the SHMA is a considerable percentage of the overall housing need, it is not a like for like comparison and does not directly correlate, therefore it is recommended the Council seek as much affordable housing need as is viably possible. Consideration will be given to the latest affordable housing evidence and the Council will have due regard for the priority needs of the Borough, as set out in the Housing Register maintained by the Council.

The objective of this policy is therefore to provide a deliverable framework within which affordable housing can be secured from new development in the Borough in accordance with national planning policy and responding to local identified needs. It will help the Borough to bridge the gap between the supply of affordable housing and the identified housing need.

Given the level of local housing need, the Council will seek 40% of housing on qualifying sites to be affordable either by means of on-site provision, off-site provision or by a financial contribution and to be delivered as part of a mix of housing types and tenures as set out in Policy H1. This will ensure that the required housing mix is reflected across the whole development scheme as far as possible. This arrangement will also contribute towards the creation of sustainable, inclusive and mixed communities and a wide choice of housing on new development sites. Developments that include an element of affordable housing will need to ensure that all groups of the community are given equal access to new or improved facilities and amenities. This includes, but is not limited to, playgrounds, open space or community infrastructure.

The Council aims to secure the delivery of affordable housing on-site or where it can be demonstrated that it is not viable or feasible to provide any affordable housing on-site, the Council will consider accepting off-site provision and/or financial contributions in lieu of on-site provision.

Given the viability work [to be undertaken] in preparation of the Local Plan, it is considered that the 40% affordable housing contribution and tenure splits in Policy H2 are viable and realistic in most development locations in the Borough. It is, however, recognised that there may be sites where on-site provision would not be viable or would be impractical (due to its size or location), therefore financial contributions in lieu may be accepted. Any relaxation in the provision of affordable housing must be the minimum to make the scheme viable. The applicant will be expected to provide a viable amount of affordable housing on-site with the rest provided via financial contribution. This payment is expected to be of broadly equivalent value relative to on-site provision.

Any claims that a site cannot be developed viably with an affordable housing contribution must be justified with clear and robust evidence which stands up to scrutiny and independent review (which must be carried out at the expense of the applicant).

Evidence in the SHMA update 2019 indicates that single key workers are likely to require social rental accommodation or support from Local Housing Allowance in order to get a home of their own.

[10] ONS, 2018. House price to workplace-based earnings ratio 2017.

Monitoring Indicators

Indicator

Target

Data source

Number of affordable units (net) approved and delivered each year by tenure and type

Achieve mix set out in the SHMA. Over the lifetime of the Plan achieve 40% of dwellings to be affordable.

Planning applications and appeals

Percentage of all new affordable homes that are for rent

75%

Planning applications and appeals

Value and allocation of contributions to secure delivery of affordable housing each year

To ensure that contributions are spent to secure the delivery of affordable housing.

In house monitoring

Key evidence

  • National Planning Policy Framework (2018)
  • Planning Practice Guidance
  • Strategic Housing Market Assessment (2015) and SHMA update (2019)
  • Spelthorne Borough Council Housing Register

Sustainability Appraisal Alternative Options

Alternative Option 1: Include a policy on affordable housing and include a threshold for schemes of 10 units or more in line with the NPPF. Where on site provision is impractical, seek a financial contribution to provide affordable homes elsewhere.

Support option. This option sets the threshold according to viability evidence to ensure that all development can realistically provide an appropriate level of affordable housing. This option is in line with national policy.

Alternative Option 2: Include a policy on affordable housing but do not include a threshold so that all housing schemes must contribute to affordable housing provision.

Reject option. This is not likely to be viable and is contrary to national policy.

Core Strategy 2009 policies to be replaced

      • Policy HO3: Affordable Housing

Policy H3: Gypsy, Traveller & Travelling Showpeople Pitches and Plots

  1. National planning policy for Gypsy, Traveller and Travelling Showpeople is set out in the National Planning Policy Framework (NPPF) and Planning Policy for Traveller Sites. The Equality Act 2010 requires Councils to take steps to meet the needs of people who have relevant protected characteristics, such as Romany Gypsies and Irish and Scottish Travellers.
  2. The Council will make provision for additional Gypsy and Traveller pitches and additional plots for Travelling Showpeople to meet the accommodation needs in the Borough which are identified in the most up-to-date GTAA. Provision will be made for 20 permanent pitches for Gypsies and Travellers and 15 permanent plots for Travelling Showpeople within the Borough between 2020 and 203511.
  3. The Council will safeguard existing authorised pitches and plots for Gypsies, Travellers and Travelling Showpeople and the loss of these to other uses will be resisted unless it can be demonstrated that there is a surplus supply of traveller pitches and plots for Gypsies, Travellers and Travelling Showpeople in the Borough. The Council will ensure that any new sites are located in sustainable locations.
  4. In addition to site allocations in this Plan, planning permission for Gypsy and Traveller and Travelling Showpeople accommodation will be granted provided that all of the following criteria are met:
  1. There is an identified need for the pitch or plot provision;
  2. There is good access to local services, including education, health and welfare services, and shops;
  3. There is safe access to the highway, public transport services and other sustainable transport options;
  4. Adequate onsite facilities are provided for parking, storage and waste collection;
  5. The potential for successful integration between travelling and settled communities can be demonstrated.
  1. Where a site allocation is required to make an onsite provision but is unable to do so, offsite provision will be considered. Offsite provision will only be considered appropriate where all of the following criteria are met:
  1. The exceptional circumstances demonstrating that on-site provision is not feasible are proven;
  2. The alternative site provides for at least the same quantity of provision as required by the relevant allocation policy;
  3. The alternative site is considered as sustainable in regards to access to services, location and size as allocation on site;
  4. The alternative site complies with the other policies of this Plan, including Green Belt policies; and
  5. The site can be developed within the timeframe of the housing allocation.

[11] Current need is set out in the Spelthorne Borough Council Gypsy and Traveller Accommodation Assessment (GTAA), 2018.  The GTAA also identified a need for between 0 and 7 permanent pitches to meet potential additional need of Gypsy and Traveller households of unknown planning status, and between 0 and 2 Travelling Showpeople households of unknown planning status.  An updated GTAA will be commissioned within five years to seek further information on this potential need.

Sustainability Appraisal Indicators

 

Definitions

For the purposes of this planning policy, 'Travellers' means 'Gypsies and Travellers' and 'Travelling Showpeople' as defined below.

  • Gypsy and Travellers: Persons of nomadic habit of life whatever their race or origin, including such persons who on grounds only of their own or their family's or dependents' educational or health needs or old age have ceased to travel temporarily, but excluding members of an organised group of Travelling Showpeople or circus people travelling together as such.
  • Travelling Showpeople: Members of a group organised for the purposes of holding fairs, circuses or shows (whether or not travelling together as such). This includes such persons who on the grounds of their own or their family's or dependents' more localised pattern of trading, educational or health needs or old age have ceased to travel temporarily, but excludes Gypsies and Travellers as defined above.

For the purposes of this planning policy, 'pitch' means a pitch on a 'Gypsy and Traveller' site and 'plot' means a pitch on a 'Travelling Showpeople' site (often called a 'yard'). This terminology differentiates between residential pitches for 'Gypsies and Travellers' and mixed-use plots for 'Travelling Showpeople', which may/will need to incorporate space or to be split to allow for the storage of equipment.

A pitch is an area normally occupied by one household, which typically contains enough space for one or two caravans, but can vary in size. A site is a collection of pitches which form a development exclusively for Gypsies and Travellers. For Travelling Showpeople, the most common descriptions used are a plot for the space occupied by one household and a yard for a collection of plots which are typically exclusively occupied by Travelling Showpeople.

Reasoned Justification

National planning policy for Gypsy, Traveller and Travelling Showpeople is set out in the National Planning Policy Framework and Planning Policy for Traveller Sites and the Council will expect all new sites to meet the requirements of national policy. New pitches and plots should have adequate utility services and amenity space, safe turning space and parking and be in areas with reasonable access to schools, health services and local services. Travelling Showpeople sites may also need space for related business storage.

The Planning Policy for Traveller Sites (PPTS) requires local planning authorities to identify and update annually a supply of specific deliverable sites sufficient to provide five years' worth of sites against their own, locally-set targets. The Council published a Gypsy, Traveller and Travelling Showpeople Accommodation Assessment (GTAA) in 2018 which has identified the need for Traveller pitches and Travelling Showpeople plots in the Borough over the Plan period. The Housing Act 2004 requires local authorities to take account of the needs of travelling people and to create strategies to meet those needs. National policy requires local planning authorities to identify and if necessary allocate sufficient sites to meet the needs of these groups within their local plans.

Households who do not travel fall outside the planning definition of a Traveller. However Romany Gypsies, Irish and Scottish Travellers may be able to claim a right to culturally appropriate accommodation under the Equality Act (2010). In addition, provisions set out in the Housing and Planning Act (2016) now include a duty (under Section 8 of the 1985 Housing Act that covers the requirement for a periodical review of housing needs) for local authorities to consider the needs of people residing in or resorting to their district with respect to the provision of sites on which caravans can be stationed.

The Council recognises the value of closer working relations with the local Traveller community. Often a socially excluded group, the community has a significantly lower life expectancy, lower educational attainment, and strikingly, a Gypsy and Traveller child is three times more likely to be taken into care than a child from the settled community12. The Council recognises the contribution that decent permanent culturally suitable accommodation can have to the overall wellbeing of Traveller families.

Gypsy and Traveller sites can either be publically or privately owned residential sites. Pitches on public sites can be obtained through signing up to a waiting list, and the costs of running the sites are met from the rent paid by the licensees (similar to social housing). The alternative to public residential sites are private residential sites and yards for Gypsies, Travellers and Travelling Showpeople. These result from individuals or families buying areas of land and then obtaining planning permission to live on them. Households can also rent pitches on existing private sites. Therefore, these two forms of accommodation are the equivalent to private ownership and renting for those who live in bricks and mortar housing. Generally, the majority of Travelling Showpeople yards are privately owned and managed.

[12] https://www.gypsy-traveller.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/03/A-guide-for-professionals-working-with-Gypsies-and-Travellers-in-the-public-care-system.pdf 

Monitoring Indicators

Indicator

Target

Data source

Number of pitches or plots granted planning permission for Gypsy, Traveller and Travelling Showpeople measured against the targets set out in this policy or, if applicable, an updated accommodation assessment.

To meet the need for Gypsy, Traveller and Travelling Showpeople accommodation as set out in this policy, or the latest Traveller Accommodation Assessment or any document which replaces this.

Planning applications and appeals.

Key Evidence

        • Spelthorne Borough Council Gypsy and Traveller Accommodation Assessment (GTAA) 2018

Sustainability Appraisal Alternative Options

Alternative Option 1: Have a policy that safeguards existing sites and ensures new sites are allocated in sustainable locations.

Preferred approach. Positive impacts are expected on housing objectives. This option will allow gypsy and traveller pitches to be provided with some certainty.

Alternative Option 2: Do not have a specific policy for Gypsy and Traveller sites, which would include not specifically allocating sites for needs.

Reject alternative. There is a requirement, as there is for market, affordable and other types of homes, to ensure that adequate provision is made for Gypsies and Travellers through the plan-making process. If provision is not made for these groups over the plan period, this would be contrary to the Equalities Act 2010, for example, other legislation, and national policy. The plan would likely fail the legal and soundness tests at the examination stage.

Core Strategy Policies to be replaced

  • Policy HO6: Sites for Gypsies and Travellers
  • Policy HO7: Sites for Travelling Showpeople